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VOLUME 2 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2012 ) > List of Articles


Clinical Profile of Hoarseness and its Management Options: A 2 years Prospective Study of 145 Patients

Rauf Ahmad, Raja Salman Khurshid, Mukhtar Ahmad Khan

Citation Information : Ahmad R, Khurshid RS, Khan MA. Clinical Profile of Hoarseness and its Management Options: A 2 years Prospective Study of 145 Patients. Int J Phonosurg Laryngol 2012; 2 (1):23-29.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10023-1030

Published Online: 01-06-2012

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2012; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.



This study was undertaken to study the clinical profile of hoarseness and the role of conservative (nonsurgical) and surgical modes of intervention.

Materials and methods

A prospective cohort analysis was carried out in Department of ENT, Government Medical College, Srinagar, in 145 cases of change in voice for 2 years duration. All cases were analyzed for detailed history and pre- and postoperative fiber optic laryngeal examination. The cases were managed by conventional conservative methods or underwent phonosurgery in nonresolving cases.


Total 145 cases with M:F ratio of 1.37:1 were analyzed. Patients’ age ranged from 5 to 80 years and majority of patients equally presented in 4th and 6th decade and about 75% had duration of hoarseness of more than 3 months. A voice demanding profession was present in 34% of cases. Vocal abuse was the commonest predisposing factor (about 40%) followed by larygopharyngeal reflux disease (26%). Functional voice disorders were found in 15.85% of cases while 62.06% of patients had a definite organic disorder. Conservative treatment (primary) was employed in 103 cases (71%), surgical treatment (primary) in 42 cases (29%) and surgical treatment after failure of conservative was given in 22 cases (15%).

How to cite this article

Khurshid RS, Khan MA, Ahmad R. Clinical Profile of Hoarseness and its Management Options: A 2 years Prospective Study of 145 Patients. Int J Phonosurg Laryngol 2012;2(1):23-29.

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