Presence and Pattern of Chromesthesia in 200 Individuals: An Experiment Performed on World Voice Day
Nupur K Nerurkar, Trishna Akshay Chitnis, Jarvis Pereira
Chromesthesia, Music therapy, Phonosurgery, Synesthesia
Citation Information :
Nerurkar N K, Chitnis TA, Pereira J. Presence and Pattern of Chromesthesia in 200 Individuals: An Experiment Performed on World Voice Day. Int J Phonosurg Laryngol 2022; 12 (1):12-15.
Aim: To study the presence and pattern of chromesthesia. Chromesthesia is the eliciting of visual images (Color) by aural stimuli (music). It is a type of synesthesia which is a phenomenon where one type of sensory stimulus evokes a response in another sense.
Materials and methods: We conducted an experiment on World Voice Day in which 200 participants were made to listen to five songs/tracks and were asked to think of a color.
Results: The colors chosen by them were categorized as ‘bright’ or ‘dull’ and data was presented as pie charts.
Conclusion: Based on whether the colors chosen were ‘bright’ or ‘dull’ and whether the song was ‘upbeat’ or ‘slow’, we recommend that ‘happy’ or ‘upbeat’ music could be included as part of regular treatment in patients especially those who are singers or musicians as it brings about a positive mood change and helps in the recovery of the patients especially in the postoperative period when they are usually on voice rest.
Makhlin J. Chromesthesia as Phenomenon: Emotional Colors. Writing Programs. Loyola Marymount University; 2014. 12. Available from: https://digitalcommons.lmu.edu/arc_wp/12
Cheever T, Taylor A, Finkelstein R, et al. NIH/Kennedy Center workshop on music and the brain: finding harmony. Neuron 2018;97(6):1214–1218. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2018.02.004
Nerurkar NK, Kapre GM, Kothari NN. Correlation between personality type and vocal pathology: a non-randomized case control study. Laryngoscope 2016;126(9):2063–2066. DOI: 10.1002/lary.25810
Marks LE. On colored-hearing synesthesia: cross-modal translations of sensory dimensions. Psychol Bull 1975;82(3):303–331. DOI: 10.1037/0033-2909.82.3.303
Rogers GL. Four cases of pitch-specific chromesthesia in trained musicians with absolute pitch. Psychol Music 1987;15(2):198–207. DOI: 10.1177/0305735687152007
Hall WL. Synesthesia: Color-pitch Associations and Mood Word-pitch Associations. Master's Theses; 1968. 3142. Available from: https://scholarworks.wmich.edu/masters_theses/3142
Cytowic RE, Eagleman DM. Wednesday is Indigo Blue: Discovering the Brain of Synesthesia. Cambridge, MA, US: MIT Press; 2009.
Krohn WO. Pseudo-chromesthesia, or the association of colors with words, letters and sounds. Amer J Psychol 1892;5(1):20–41. DOI: 10.2307/1410812
Kaya N, Epps HH. Relationship between color and emotion: a study of college students. Coll Stud J 2004;38(3). https://link.gale.com/apps/doc/A123321897/AONE?u=googlescholar&sid=bookmark-AONE&xid=96b09980
Van Campen C. The Hidden Sense: Synesthesia in Art and Science. Massachusetts: MIT Press; 2008.
Cooper BB. The Surprising Science Behind What Music Does to Our Brains. Fast Company.
Jones CRG, Jahanshahi M. Motor and perceptual timing in Parkinson's disease. Adv Exp Med Biol 2014;829:265–290. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4939-1782-2_14
Ashoori A, Eagleman DM, Jankovic J. Effects of auditory rhythm and music on gait disturbances in Parkinson's disease. Front Neurol 2015;6:234. DOI: 10.3389/fneur.2015.00234
Thaut MH, McIntosh GC, Hoemberg V. Neurobiological foundations of neurologic music therapy: rhythmic entrainment and the motor system. Front Psychol 2015;5:1185. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01185
Schaefer RS. Auditory rhythmic cueing in movement rehabilitation: findings and possible mechanisms. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 2014;369(1658):20130402. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2013.0402
Gaston ET. Dynamic music factors in mood change. Music Educ J 1951;37(3):42–44. DOI: 10.2307/3387360
Magee WL, Davidson JW. The effect of music therapy on mood states in neurological patients: a pilot study. J Music Ther 2002;39(1):20–29. DOI: 10.1093/jmt/39.1.20
Gunn RE. Effect of Music on Color Induced Mood Affects. Thesis. Florida State University; 2002.
Boenheim C. The position of music and art therapy in conventional psychotherapy. J Music Ther 1968;5(3):85–87.